Constipation occurs when the passage of faeces is less frequent than the person’s normal pattern. The faeces are hard and dry because the passage of food along the intestine is slowed. This means that too much water is absorbed from food in the large intestine, into the blood stream. The passing of faeces may be painful or difficult and this may lead to other problems such as haemorrhoids (piles).
Nausea, Vomiting and diarrhoea are common ailments that present at pharmacy frequently. In this module we will identify the major causes, the basis for treatment and how we can advise our patients in relation to managing these conditions. This should be viewed with modules on OTC medicines for nausea, vomiting & diarrhoea, Domperidone and dehydration.
Indigestion is very common and most people have it from time to time. The stomach produces acid which helps to digest food. Sometimes the stomach produces too much acid. This course builds on the course on the Gastro-Intestinal Tract and the product category course Proton Pump Inhibitors...
Hay fever or seasonal allergic rhinitis is an allergic disorder. Allergy is an excessive reaction of the body’s immune system in the presence of substances called allergens e.g. pollen. For a person with allergy to pollen, when pollen comes into contact with the nose, eyes, mouth or throat, their body produces an antibody to attack the pollen. This course will outline common presentations and treatments for hay fever.
Pain is a subjective sensation and the description and experience of pain will vary from one individual to the next. Headache is one of the most common types of pain that customers will seek advice in pharmacy.
Pain is a subjective sensation and the description and experience of pain will vary from one individual to the next. The most common types of pain that customers will seek advice on are headaches, muscular aches and pain, dental pain and period pain. OTC analgesics (painkillers) are effective when treating mild to moderate pain of the muscles and joints. They are also effective for the treatment of period pains (dysmenorrhoea) and headache.
Threadworms are small intestinal parasitic worms. The worms look like fine white threads but are difficult to see because of their size and colour. Threadworms are most common in small children because they are not fully aware of the importance of hygiene and can easily forget to wash their hands. This module will provide you with all the information you need to effectively manage a consultation relating to Threadworm infection.